Following the arrest of young Iranian Kurd Mahsa Amini for breaking Iran’s strict dress laws for women a year ago, Mohammadi received his award.
Mohammadi, a journalist and activist, has spent the majority of the last 20 years behind bars for her opposition to the death penalty and women’s mandatory hijab.
The Norwegian Nobel Committee’s chairman urged Iran to free Mohammadi in an interview with AFP, and the UN immediately echoed his call.
The committee’s chairwoman, Berit Reiss-Andersen, said,” I appeal to Iran: Do something dignified and release the Nobel laureate NargesMohammadi.”
In a letter sent to AFP from her prison cell last month, Mohammadi stated that the recent protests in Iran” accelerated the process of realizing democracy, freedom, andequality in Iranian” and that it is now” irreversible.”
To commemorate Amini’s passing on September 16, she and three other women who were being held alongside her in Tehran at the Evin prison set fire to their hijabs.
With the words” Zan, Zendegi, Azadi ,” Farsi for” Woman, Life, Freedom ,” Reiss-Andersen introduced the highly anticipated announcement for this year.
Mohammadi was honored” for her fight against the oppression of women in Iran and herfight to promote human rights and freedom for all ,” according to Reiss-Andersen, whose name had been mentioned as a potential winner in the run-up to the announcement.
Her bravery has cost her a great deal of personal money. She continued,” The regime has detained her 13 times overall, found her guilty five times, and given her a total sentence of 154 lashes and 31 years in prison.
Iran is 143rd out of 146 nations when it comes to gender equality, according to the World Economic Forum.
Authorities severely repressed the uprising from the previous year.
According to Iran Human Rights, security forces killed 551 protesters in total, including 68 children and 49 women, and thousands more were detained.
Since then, the movement has taken on additional forms.
Despite the risks, women now wear headscarfs in public, especially in Tehran and other major cities, which would have been unthinkable a year ago.
One of the Islamic republic’s tenets is to wear the hijab.
Authorities have increased controls, including the use of surveillance cameras and the arrest of actresses who post selfies online without a hijab.
Heavy penalties for women who refuse to wear it were announced by Iran’s conservative-dominated parliament in September.
There is no chance of freedom.
Reiss-Andersen referred to Mohammadi as the” undisputed leader” of the uprising and stated that” this year’s Peace Prize also recognizes the hundreds of thousands of people who in the previous year have protested against the theocratic regimes’ policies of discrimination and oppression targeting women.”
If Iran’s Guardian Council approves the” Hijab and Chastity” bill, offenders will receive harsh prison terms.
Since being arrested at this time in November 2021, Mohammadi has been eight years without seeing her children, who reside in France with her husband.
She claimed in an AFP letter that she had” almost no prospect of freedom” despite being labeled a” prisoner of conscience” by Amnesty International.
She is the second Iranian to receive the Nobel Peace Prize, which was given to Shirin Ebadi, an Iranian human rights lawyer, on its 20th anniversary of being honored for her” efforts for democracy and the rights of people ,” particularly those of women and children.
When Ebadi won her prize in Oslo in 2003, she disobeyed conservative Iranians by refusing to don the hijab.
The UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights’ 75th anniversary is also commemorated by this year’s award.
Mohammadi won’t be able to travel to Oslo to accept her award — a diploma, a gold medal, and$ 1 million — at the annual prizeceremony on December 10 if she stays behind bars.
The Peace Prize has honored imprisoned activists on numerous occasions, most notably last year when it went to Chinese dissident Liu Xiaobo and Belarusian Ales Bialiatski, whose wife accepted his award.